Psychology is defined as the study of behaviour and cognitive processes. It is a multifaceted discipline and includes many sub-fields such as personality, human development, sports, health, clinical, forensic, social psychology etc. The discipline fosters the development of a scientific lens that helps in developing a comprehensive knowledge about the emotional, behavioural and various cognitive aspects of an individual as well as promotes development of abilities such as critical thinking, creativity, research skills, professional outlook and applications in real life scenarios.
Unlike other disciplines, what makes psychology unique is the fact that we study behaviour which itself is very complex in nature. Even though the study of human behaviour has been around for a long time it was in 1879 the first laboratory for Experimental Psychology was established at University of Leipzig, Germany. In India the first Experimental Psychology laboratory was established in 1916 at Calcutta university. Even though psychology is a young science discipline, it offers a vast area of knowledge and insight and continues to provide the same.
Further training courses are available in different areas of specialization after bachelors in psychology like Organisational Psychology, Educational Psychology, Forensic Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Counselling Psychology and more.
After gaining Bachelors in Psychology, one can take up Master’s degree in various specialised areas of psychology such as:
Psychologists mostly take up for jobs in universities, colleges & schools, hospitals, clinics, government agencies, etc. Currently there are many opportunities coming up in the area of mental health in Kerala such as school counsellor, psychologist, clinical psychologist (requires MPhil in clinical psychology), Behavioural trainer and research assistants in various projects. This is due to more demand and creation of new posts in health care centres, hospitals, mental health centres, social health services and schools, the growth of employment in psychology sector. People with specialisation in Organizational/Industrial psychology has numerous opportunities in the field of HR, Marketing and could take up roles of behaviour analysts, corporate trainers etc. Numerous opportunities await those who specialise in forensic psychology in forensic research, respective wings of police and judiciary across India. The area of academia is always a career option for those interested in research. Many universities across India as well as other parts of the world offer various doctoral programmes in various areas of psychology and its allied disciplines. Admission to various programmes offering higher studies in psychology would be based on entrance examinations. Various scholarships and fellowships are awarded to students pursuing higher education. Most Universities also provide stipend to those enrolled in research programmes.